The lubrication industry uses two main types of oils. These are mineral (natural) and synthetic oils. Each offers advantages: each maintains a position in ensuring optimal operation of machinery. However, for some, synthetic lubricants are the preferred choice.
Advantages of Synthetic Lubricants
Synthetic oils are manufactured oils in their most basic definition. The product of chemical engineering, these lubricants have been produced to be as pure as possible. While this results in a more expensive product, these lubricants are advantageous in several ways.
- Thermal Stability: Synthetic oils are ideal for high-temperature applications where high oxidation stability is required. Many are resistant to both thermal degradation and oxidation
- Decreased Sludge Build-up: This type of lubricant results in less sludge to clog up the machinery and increases metal-on-metal contact
- Longevity: Synthetic oils improve oxidation stability, reduce sludge and provide thermal stability, therefore improving the operating life of gears and other mechanical devices
- Pour Point: Synthetic oils have an exceptionally low pour point making them suitable for low-temperature applications
- RE-Lubrication: This lubricant does not require as frequent replacing as natural options
- Energy Consumption: Reduced when using synthetic oils
- Maintenance Costs: These are low
Choosing Synthetic Lubricants
While the cost of using a synthetic lubricant may seem significantly higher, this is offset by the advantages. The reduced wear on metal components, the increased longevity of the systems and the ability to reduce wear and corrosion result in continuous production with a reduction in downtime from inoperable machinery.