The EPA has strict standards for crude oil. In this guide, you’ll learn what they are and more.
Class A Oil
A Class A oil is a flammable, volatile oil. It has a strong odor and a high evaporation rate.
Class B oils are non-sticky oils. They won’t adhere to most surfaces, so they’re fairly safe for the environment. When compared to other grades, Class B oils are less hazardous.
Heat makes a non-sticky oil sticky, and a sticky oil will adhere to porous surfaces. If a Class B evaporates, it will produce a dense residue like a Class D or C oil.
All oils in this category are black or brown with a thick consistency. Heavy crude is a good example. It’s very brown, dense, and tough to flush. This oil will sink to the ocean floor if it spills, and it will threaten marine life.
Class D oils are non-fluid oils. Paraffin, residual, and heavy crude oils fall in this category.
Oil Production Chemicals
Oil production chemicals protect pipes, improve drilling, and more. The most commonly used compounds are:
- Sodium Carbonate
- Potassium Hydroxide
- Phosphoric Acid
In the oil industry, crude oil prices will rise and fall. This happens when:
- The weather stops oil production
- There is good supply and no demand
- Politics change the fuel industry